Development of methods to assess the efficiency of procurement activities with consideration of innovation

In the conditions of isolation of the Russian economy on the commodity model in which a business receives a more powerful impetus on building its investment strategy in the interests of the world economy, Russian state is obliged to increase its demand for intermediate products, namely the ultimate branches of the real sector, thus creating a guaranteed market for innovative goods.

The deficit of circulating assets of the enterprises necessary to upgrade the technological base and innovative new products, provokes the desire of manufacturers to sell their products at inflated prices, including on the public procurement market. For Russian companies becoming the preferred fast production cycle due to production for foreign borrowed technology, from-for what there is no desire for innovative investment and enhance the innovation competencies of business.

This situation is exacerbated by the absence in Russia of the concept of the nation-wide market research and development, developed and tested mechanisms of commercial implementation of the goods and services innovation sector of the economy created by the state budget. It seems that the only public policy through the redistributive mechanisms such as a contract procurement system that can enhance innovation processes and ensure their significant impact on macroeconomic dynamics. By placing state and municipal orders, the state has the ability to inform the market about the potential success of innovative activities and production of science-intensive products with high added value. In this regard, the obvious need to develop methods for evaluating the effectiveness of procurement at the planning stage and execution of orders taking into account the characteristics of the goods (works, services) of the innovation sector of the economy.

To promote effective innovation and investment activity of enterprises it is possible to commit quota for procurement of innovative products in the total volume of public procurement (for example, at the level of 5-10% of the total volume of orders from major government customers).

Given that in a market economy under the conditions of high competition, only 6-8% of the research into new product or process, it is cost-effective should be considered innovative procurement, which are in the planning phase confirmed the presence of high demand and the appropriate level of plan competitiveness, high business potential and opportunities for its conservation at every stage of the innovation cycle.

As public procurement is carried out prior to the production process, the effectiveness of an innovative procurement can be achieved through the use of different criteria for the selection of implementing innovative public procurement at the stage of their placement. You can select providers according to the level of productivity, the dynamics of investments in the renewal of the means of production, the efficiency of the productive consumption of the means of production, the structure of the resources used, the skills of the workforce, the experience of innovative activity, the level of information security.

Finally, at the stage of execution of the order, the methodology of evaluation of efficiency of innovative procurement can be based on such performance criteria as the ratio of own and borrowed developments, economic efficiency of implementation of innovative benefits, structure and competence of involved subcontractors, the results of the examination obtained innovative benefits.

Macroeconomic efficiency of innovative procurement is to determine through the dynamics of formation and use of each resource, taking into account their complex influence on the transition to innovative reproduction. This is only possible using the methodology of multipliers. The multiplier of the innovation process can be considered as the ratio of change of revenue from sales of innovative products to change the volume of investments in innovative activities. It shows how to change the revenues from sales of innovative products, if you change the expenses on innovative activity in different subsystems of the innovation process. The increasing value of this indicator may have an impact on the main macroeconomic indicators, in particular the growth of investments in innovation leads to increase in national output and aggregate income by an amount greater than the original increase in investment.

It is obvious that Russia should make every effort to become a country where long-term prosperity will be determined not so much raw, how many intellectual resources: innovation, knowledge-based economy, creating unique knowledge, export of the newest technologies and products of innovative activity.

With this aim, appropriate and effective organization of the procurement process, stimulating innovative high-multiplier effect and the modernization of the domestic economy.

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