Kamchatka Atlas. Records of the Russian pioneer reprinted the whole of Europe

Vladimir Atlasov. © /

Public Domain

It was in the area of the volcano Klyuchevskaya estuary Canuc that the memory of that event is now called Krestovskaya. Thus, the exaltation of the cross 320 years ago, July 23, 1697, pioneer Vladimir Atlasov announced that the Kamchatka was the Russian.

Around such significant events inevitably develops a body of legends. From constant repetition, they acquire the status of historical truth. Thus, in most of the dictionaries and encyclopedias you can read that full name of the person who gave Russia Kamchatka, Vladimir Atlasov, and that originally this Cossack with the Vologda region.

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Mr President

In fact, it has been documented that the father of our hero is “Cossack yakutskoi Volodimer Atlas“. And this is a fundamentally different picture. It turns out that Kamchatka has made our still, Mr Putin. And what was he Russian Siberian at least in the second generation. It says a lot about the speed and the thoroughness of development of Siberia. And the entrepreneurial spirit of the Russian people of the XVII century. It was for those times supernatural.

However, entrepreneurship has often come into conflict with discipline. Disciplinary offenses will, in turn, was compensated duty. The result was a Russian Conquistador — smart, competent, strong-willed, hard to cruelty, with very specific notions of justice and to the. Thus, the same Atlases, being wholly devoted to the king, constantly at odds with the authorities of lower rank. In fact, his whole career, which led to the triumph of the annexation of Kamchatka, can be represented as a series of quarrels and clashes with the parent “servitors”.

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The first “great service” he received in 1687, the Yakutsk voivode Peter Zinoviev gave the Cossack foreman “Falotico Atlasova” special powers. He was instructed to stop in all the territory entrusted moonshine. And establish the collection of debts from local tribes — Yakut other elders, who took the power of the “white Russian Czar” and pledged to pay in his favor the tribute (tax in kind), started to withhold and delay payments. It was necessary to show that the Supreme power is strong.

Atlasovo did it with a vengeance. To punish evil, he has taken so eagerly that he immediately wrote a whole heap of complaints and even made some administrative Affairs. For example, the boyar son Vasily Petrikowski complained that “the said Volotka” not only covers illegal distilleries, but also breaks the bootleggers dishes, breaks the barns and in General “a lot of violence going on.”

“Stupidity”, volcanoes and glutamate

Those who evade taxes, Atlases have been even steeper, which is reflected in a solid manuscript collection: “it’s about how Volotka of Atlasov stole yasak people, ruined, robbed, and resentment and taxes them repaired”. The one consolation here — under attached to the case the testimony of the Yakuts, Atlases, of course, and oppressed and rukoprikladstvo. But not for personal gain, but for knocking out debt in favor of the sovereign.

Reputation honest, but sometimes a mad man almost didn’t serve him a disservice. The historic March on Kamchatka could be nipped in the Bud. 4 APR 1697, the head of the Anadyr Ostrog Gregory Postnikov, knowing that Atlas went in search of a new “premyslov Great Emperor”, sent him for an armed chase: “That he, Volodimer, in that far distance, and his stupidity would not have lost military men”. The chase was not successful — Atlases was not only mad, but also rapid.

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But fears were justified. In the first months of the campaign in skirmishes with the local there were 8 people dead. And moreover: “It Volodimer, wounded, and with him more than 30 people were perirenal serving people”.

The reason was not stupidity or excessive vehemence Atlasova. The region where he was headed with a funny Russian squad 65 Cossacks and 60 Yukagir, was rich, populous, and not wanting to pay tribute to anyone: “And on both sides of the river of strangers much, Posada great, more than 400 Yurt”.

Despite the loss, the squad Atlasova pretty quickly moved forward, resulting in “under the hand of the Great Emperor” new lands and new subjects. And new data. Not only military or promising benefits, but also scientific. “There is a mountain — like grain stacks and high much: of it a day smoke and a night of sparkle and glow” — this is the first description of the volcanoes of Kamchatka. “Fish Kamchadals put in pits and covered with earth, and how the fish will languish, pour it with water, heat, stir and drink. And fish comes from the stinking spirit.” The most precise, and most importantly — almost the first in Europe, description of fish sauce, contains monosodium glutamate — flavor dishes in Southeast Asia.

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The Japanese track

There, on the river Nan, Atlases released from captivity kamchadalsky strange foreigner. And freed again “greetings and affection”, as suggested by the instructions, and by force of arms. It was worth it. “Clerk Indian cardswe, aponskogo Tatar, the name Denbeigh, form potable grechanina — lean, small, black hair”. Really this person is called Danby Tatekawa. The first Japanese in Russia. Honestly reported information about their country. Taught Russian and even Japanese language.

It was a real breakthrough. At that time Japan was closed to all European powers except Holland. The Dutch preserved their secrets and share them with anyone not going. “Country Japan” was in Europe, fairytale, fantastic. Jonathan swift, describing Gulliver’s adventures in a fictional land, and sends it there, Japan seems to him no more real than the country of lilliput or the giants.

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But the Russians have a reliable information about this power, obtained at first hand. And all this thanks to the “Volatile Atlasovo” and his “skycam”, as it was called records of the service people about the work done.

It is unknown whether Russian Siberian Vladimir Vladimirovich any literary ambitions. If so, it would be flattering to know that “skaskiv” during the life of the author was repeatedly translated into the principal European languages and printed in books of famous geographers Strahlenberg’s and by two. Unfortunately, the name of the Russian pioneer is not mentioned even once.

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