“Khrustalev, the car!”. Died Joseph Stalin

The leaders of the party and the government carried the coffin with Stalin’s body from the House of unions. © /


Even after decades since the death of Joseph Stalin, his last days and hours surrounded by an aura of mystery. Could the doctors help a dying man? Was involved in the death of the Soviet leader, his entourage? Was the events of the first days of March 1953, a conspiracy? Aephi cites several facts related to the death of a man who forever left his mark in history.

The fatal stroke was not provoked by the abuse of alcohol

There is a misconception that the fatal stroke was overtaken by Stalin after a big dinner where the wine flowed freely. In fact, the evening of 28 February Stalin in the company of Malenkov, Beria, Bulganin and Khrushchev saw the film in the Kremlin movie theater, and then invited them to a nearby cottage, where they held a modest Banquet. Eyewitnesses claim that Stalin drank it only a little wine diluted with water.

Stalin’s guests departed in the morning of March 1, but for a leader it was a usual mode of the day – he worked for many years at night, going to bed only at dawn. According to the testimony of the guards, Stalin was left to rest in good spirits. Moreover, he ordered the protection is also to go to bed, which was previously the leader was observed.

The building near the dacha of Joseph Stalin at Kuntsevo in Moscow. Photo: RIA Novosti/ Press-service FSO of Russia

Stalin did not call for help, security did not show initiative

Stalin rarely slept long, and usually by 11 o’clock it already received the first orders of a new day for the guards and servants. But on March 1, any signals from the leader were not. The pause lasted till the evening, and about 18 hours in rooms that were occupied by Stalin, the lights. But the leader still didn’t call and that was certainly an extraordinary event.

Only after 22:00 on March 1, 1953, a security officer Lozgachev, using the fact that brought mail, I decided to go to the room of Stalin. The leader he found on the floor, the pants of his pajamas were wet. Stalin beat the chill, he uttered inarticulate sounds. Judging by the included light and found on the floor hourly, Stalin, despite deterioration, some time can move until exhausted collapsed to the floor. In this position, he spent a couple of hours. It remains a mystery why the chief did not attempt to call the guards and ask for help.

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The environment of the leader pretended that nothing serious happens

What happened next, allows a number of researchers blame the inner circle of Stalin in the conspiracy. The first reports of the conservation status of the leader came across a very strange reaction. Khrushchev and Bulganin arrived Near the cottage, left it, limiting the conversation with the guards. Arrived at three o’clock in the morning, Beria and Malenkov said that Stalin simply took too much at the Banquet. While Lavrenty Pavlovich could not know that the leader did not consume significant quantities of alcohol and, therefore, his condition could not be due to intoxication. There is reason to think that all members of Stalin’s entourage are perfectly aware that there is something serious. However, shortly before the leader has started to update the composition of the Soviet leadership, directly indicating the “old guard” that he intends to replace them. Khrushchev, Beria and others Stalin did not kill directly, but they did not give him a chance at salvation, maximally delaying the arrival of doctors.

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Doctors were allowed to Stalin when he had no chance to survive

Only by 9 a.m. on March 2 Near the cottage appears a team of doctors headed by one of the best Soviet physicians Paul Chelishchev. Doctors diagnosed a stroke, ascertain the paralysis of the right side of the body and loss of speech.

“I live, still alive father.” For whose sins was paid Vasily Stalin?

Later Vasily Stalin will shock others, shouting: “my Father died!” The chief’s son was not far from the truth – we know that to save the lives of stroke is important so-called “Golden hours”. Doctors Usually mean first aid within hours, while also delivering the patient to the hospital within four hours.

But Stalin found not earlier than in three to four hours after the attack, and the help he received after 11 hours. Not the fact that a 74-year-old leader could have been saved even with immediate aid, but a delay of half a day didn’t give him a chance to survive.

For the past 2 March 1953, Beria, Malenkov, Bulganin, Khrushchev and other members of the “old guard” conduct of the meeting at which there is a redistribution of top posts. The decision about what Stalin put forward new frames will be pushed from the main posts in the country. Doctors report that the Stalinist environment, and without this understands the leader is not live more than a few days.

President of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR A. N. Nesmeyanov reads the appeal of the CPSU Central Committee, USSR Council of Ministers and the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to all members of the party in connection with the death of Joseph Stalin. Photo: RIA Novosti/ Boris Ryabinin

Of the serious illness of the leader, people reported March 4

March 4 1953 Stalin about the disease is officially declared. Twice a day begin to be issued bulletins on the state of health of the Soviet leader. Here is the text of the Bulletin, published in the newspaper “Pravda” on 4 March 1953: “on the night of March 2, 1953, J. V. Stalin there was a sudden bleeding in the brain, seized the vital area of the brain, the result has been paralysis of the right leg and right hand with loss of consciousness and speech. The second and third March was held on appropriate therapeutic measures aimed at the improvement of the disturbed functions of breathing and blood circulation, which have not yielded a significant change in the course of the disease.

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By two o’clock of the night of the fourth of March, the health of Joseph Stalin continues to be heavy. There are significant respiratory distress: respiratory rate up to 36 per minute, the rhythm of breathing wrong with occasional long pauses. It is noted increased heart rate to 120 beats per minute, complete arrhythmia; blood pressure — 220 maximum, minimum 120. Temperature is 38.2. In connection with the violation of respiration and circulation observed oxygen deficiency. The degree of impairment of brain functions has increased slightly. Currently a number of therapeutic interventions aimed at restoring vital functions of the body.” Latest Bulletin — the state of Stalin’s 16 hours of March 5 will be published in Newspapers on March 6, when the leader will no longer be alive.

Photo: RIA Novosti/ Dmitry Chernov

Stalin was deprived of power for 1 hour and 10 minutes to death

Joseph Stalin has lost even the formal power during his lifetime. March 5, 1953 at 20:00 started meeting of the joint Plenum of the Central Committee of CPSU, Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. After the report of the Minister of health of the USSR of Andrey Tretyakov, on the state Stalin began the redistribution of posts in order to “ensure smooth and proper management of the entire life of the country.” Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers, i.e. the actual head of the country, was appointed Georgy Malenkov. Lavrenty Beria became head of the combined departments, which included the MVD and MGB. Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was Klim Voroshilov. At the same time Stalin did not dare to completely withdraw from the leadership – he was included in the composition of the Presidium of the CPSU Central Committee

The meeting closed at 20:40, that is, an hour before the death of the leader. Information about it in the Soviet media appeared March 7, but without specifying a time. The message did not mention that by the time these decisions Stalin was alive.

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The mystery of The last hours of the leader died with the Colonel Khrustalev

Since the advent of doctors in the middle cottage March 2, and until the last minutes of the life of Stalin next to his bed was on duty, someone from members of his entourage. During the meeting at which the redistributed positions in the leadership of the country, next to Stalin was on duty Nikolai Bulganin. However, about half past nine in the evening on March 5 at middle cottage gathered almost all the members of the “old guard”. In 21:50 Joseph Stalin died. The chief’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva recalled: “Beria was the first out into the corridor, and in the silence of the room, where all stood silent, they heard his loud, did not hide the triumph voice: “Khrustalev, the car!”

Stalin’s Bodyguard. The real story of Nikolai Vlasik

The phrase “Khrustalev, the car!” has become historic. State security Colonel Ivan Khrustalev in may 1952 he was the chief bodyguard unit No. 1, 1st UO Department of the MGB of the USSR. Khrustalev was succeeded by Nikolai Vlasik, head of Stalin’s security for half a century. Many historians attribute the passivity of the guard in the first hours after stroke with personality Khrustaleva, who is considered a “Beria man”. Even before the ouster and arrest of Beria, on 29 may 1953, Khrustalev was retired by age. In December 1954, the last chief of Stalin’s bodyguards died at the age of 47 years. All the mysteries associated with the last hours of life of the leader, he took with him to the grave.

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

  • © RIA Novosti

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  • © RIA Novosti

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