Photo: Ramil Sitdikov
/ RIA Novosti
The Ministry of education will allocate billions of virtually any to the creation of innovative products. To become a participant of the Federal target program “Research and development” is not only a scientific organization, but a private company, University and even a particular scientist (program “mega-grants”).
In what scientific field today to run the most profitable and promising? The Ministry of education has identified seven areas in which research projects may receive a significant government subsidy. Is the development of digital, intelligent and robotic systems; environmentally friendly and resource-saving energy; high technology in health care; protection from cyber threats, biogenic and man-made disasters; and intelligent transport system development of the sea space, the Arctic and Antarctic; technology rational interaction of a man, society and nature.
To date, the competition projects were 308 (claimed 1100), which the state will allocate virtually any 16.9 billion, and in 2017 — 5.9 billion Another 16.5 billion development will allocate interested in their business. Most active scientists are ready to work in the field of digital technologies and creation of robots. Approved 274 to a promising project. Among them — development in the field of modeling of functionally graded materials, intelligent welding technology for cryogenic tank containers, advanced technological solutions for intelligent robotic manufacturing, and others.
Fewer projects, despite the importance to the economy are proposed in the field of agriculture and food, protection from bio – and cyber-threats.
By the way, the Ministry of education promises that from now on by unscrupulous organizations that are creating only the visibility of scientific work without giving any real products, to benefit from subsidies will not be easy.
“First, for the first time held an open competitive selection for the selection of the expert organisations. Previously, the entire examination was concentrated in the walls of the Ministry. Second, the project evaluation was conducted in four areas — scientific value and novelty, innovation and market potential of the project, the quality of the project and the reputation score of the applicant organization, and if the project involves foreign investments to specific industry partner — assessment of the reputation of the partner”, — said the Minister of education and science of the Russian Federation Olga Vasilyeva.
There is another ambitious goal — to focus Russia’s leading international centres of research, led by the best scientists of the world. For the creation of scientific laboratories of world level focused program “mega-grants”, designed to 2020.
“The competition was attended by 358 leading scientists from 42 countries with more than 170 scientific and educational organizations located in all regions of Russia, — said Minister of education and science Oleg Vassiliev. — 67% of participants were foreign researchers. 280 applications were submitted by higher education institutions, 78 — scientific organizations. The project participants of the contest covers 35 areas of science identified by the Council on grants for state support.”
The winners were announced in November 2017. Their number includes leading scientists from 12 countries, including USA, France, Italy, Germany, India, Israel, etc. Among the winners of the 11 scientists have Russian citizenship. Foreign scientists accounted for 70% of the total number of winners. In this research 35 winners of the competition will be conducted on the basis of the 28 Russian universities and scientific institutions.
Cancer will be defeated?
The Minister called the most successful projects implemented under the program “mega-grants”. Among them supercolony the drive to record and store information that is created at the International center of laser technologies of MUCTR them. D. I. Mendeleev (under the leadership of chief scientist P. G. Kazansky, Professor at the University of Southampton, England).
“The secret of longevity of the media — in quartz glass, which is made from the disk. Glass is not exposed to external environments, water, radiation, fire. It’s safe to assume that in the foreseeable future, this disc will save millions of virtually any from the budget, which now goes to the archives. Nothing like our scientists are still not done. And in the United States and in Europe, such development can be counted on the fingers of one hand”, — said the Minister Oleg Vassiliev.
Innovation in the service of health
At the Institute of theoretical and experimental Biophysics RAS is developing new methods and drugs for cancer, heart disease and liver (hepatitis C). The laboratory staff of the Institute has obtained results of world level. In particular, new drugs successfully inhibit the tumor cells and increase the resistance of cells of vital organs and tissues to adverse effects. On the basis of the obtained results will be developed new methods of personalized selection of drugs for patients.
By the way
How to grow your mathematicians
One of the most important projects started by the Ministry of education and science in 2017, was the creation of regional scientific-educational math centers. This is done for training specialists in mathematics (without it science will not) and leadership of the country in the global math education.
Only in 2017 created 6 math centers: Novosibirsk national research state University, Yaroslavl state University named after P. G. Demidov, Adyghe state University, national research Tomsk state University southern Federal University, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University.
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