According to the Director of the Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs Tatiana Maleva and made a presentation at the Gaidar forum, nor record low inflation, rising wages and pensions do not affect the incomes of Russian citizens. In addition, during 2017, which many call the year of economic recovery, the income of the population decreased in the majority (75%) regions of the country.
photo: Gennady Cherkasov
Speaking at the Gaidar forum, the Director of the Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs Tatyana Maleva said that for 2017, which many called the year of economic recovery, there were no changes in the social sphere. No record low inflation, nor the increase of salaries and pensions, or the revival of consumption has not affected the incomes of Russian citizens, her words lead “Vedomosti”.
Maleva also said that over the past year, incomes have declined in 75% of the Russian regions, and the population remains highly zakreditovannym. Thus, the expert concluded that poverty will continue to grow. According to the statistics, in the early 2000s, poverty was at 11%, but now it has increased to 14%. In the years that poverty is a key social problem in the country, I’m sure Malev.
For his part, Dean of the economic faculty of Moscow state University Alexander Auzan added that the share of social spending in the consolidated budget in 2012-2016 decreased from 61 to 58%, a huge debt of regions do not allow them to increase. In 2015 did not increase spending on education and culture, in 2016 bad things were health, and in 2017 began to save to social security. “Social policy in Russia is becoming a national priority or when it is necessary to extinguish the crisis to “blow up” or transition point of the political cycle, and is now true and both” – said the economist.
In addition, the experts draw attention to the fact that there is a constant decrease in the share of the economically active population over the first 9 months of 2017, it declined by almost 600 000 people. The demographic hole will put pressure on employers stronger every year, which will require raising the retirement age, which will increase the number of employees.
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev expressed hope that the economic leap the country will make the digital technology. However, the highlight of economists, the poor are not capable of a technological breakthrough. “So far, the Russians employed the “technology of survival, not development,” said Maleva.
About the level of poverty can be judged by personnel from the Russian retirees who line up for the delay. Despite this, the state Duma rejected the legislative initiative of the Communist party, proposed to introduce a monthly aid of Russians living below the poverty line. To them the authors of the bill proposed to include those whose income is below the subsistence minimum multiplied by a coefficient of 1.3.