Sanctions and support: the results of the visit of Petro Poroshenko in the United States

The President has secured a total US support for reforms in the country and the situation in the Donbass. At the time of the visit had the extension of sanctions against Russia. Poroshenko talks with trump important primarily to internal positions

James Mattis and Petro Poroshenko

(Photo: Andrew Harnik / AP)

The President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko made his first after the inauguration of Donald trump’s visit to the United States. In Washington, he met with key representatives of the US administration and President. A date with trump was brief: according to the White house that lasted about half an hour.

“Fantastic support”

Two days in Washington (19-20 June), the President of Ukraine has held a meeting with representatives of the Ukrainian Diaspora, Minister of energy of the USA Rick Perry, state Secretary, Rex Tillerson, the Minister of defence James Mattis. The Central event of the visit was the meeting with President Donald trump in the oval office, Poroshenko went to the company Vice-President Mike Pence. The meeting was also attended by the assistant to the us President for national security Herbert McMaster. Completed the program of the meeting Poroshenko with the managing Director of the International monetary Fund Christine Lagarde.

Trump, taking Poroshenko, stated on camera that “great progress” the two countries and that with his Ukrainian counterpart he was “very, very good discussions” (quoted by Reuters). Before meeting with members of the American government, Poroshenko said that Ukraine has “fantastic support”.

The meeting of Petro Poroshenko and Donald trump

(Photo: Evan Vucci / AP)

“We have received strong support from the United States, support for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of the <…>, as well as clear support in the continuation of reforms in Ukraine”, — Poroshenko wrote in Facebook after a meeting with trump. According to Poroshenko, the US — a solid and reliable strategic partner of Ukraine. The presidents discussed a plan for a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Eastern Ukraine and reforms in the Republic, said in a statement the White house following the meeting.

According to Poroshenko, it follows that all the American interviewees fully supported the position of Ukraine: Tillerson, he coordinated positions at the end to “Russian aggression in the Donbass and the return of the Crimea” and discussed the issue of the release of “Ukrainian hostages”. With Mattis talked about strengthening the defense potential of Ukraine. The Minister expressed full support for the preservation of sanctions against Russia as “aggressor country”, reported about the meeting Poroshenko.

That the position of Ukraine will receive the support of the American leadership, no doubt: the us administration has previously talked about this, said Ukrainian political analyst Volodymyr Fesenko. Poroshenko”s visit, according to experts, pursued three goals: it was important to personally meet with trump, to give him and members of his administration of the Ukrainian vision of the problem of Donbass and Crimea before the planned trump meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin and promote a range of issues of bilateral cooperation, including in the economy and the military sphere.

The visit can be considered successful, says Fesenko. In the administration Poroshenko was prepared, based on the idea of trump as the businessman. Therefore, the Ukrainian delegation promoted a business approach to relationships: invited the Americans to participate in economic projects in Ukraine, expressed his its willingness to purchase US coal and liquefied natural gas, is aware Fesenko.

The meeting was held at the urgent request of the Ukrainian side. Many analysts and politicians in Ukraine is symbolic that trump met with Poroshenko earlier than with Putin, indicates Ukrainian expert Andrew Buzarov.

Sanctions and the Donbass

Before meeting Poroshenko and trump press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov has expressed interest in the fact that Washington has sent to Kiev “a strong signal in favor of the need of implementation of the Minsk agreements.” However, the day of the visit Proshenko the American Ministry of Finance announced the extension of the sanctions list, it included 38 individuals and companies from Russia and the self-proclaimed DND and LNR, including Russian officials, banks working in the Crimea or the DNI and the LC, a private military company “Wagner” and the large financial holding IFD Capital beneficiaries of which are considered Vagit Alekperov and Leonid Fedun. Press Secretary trump’s Sean Spicer was at the briefing said: “While they [the Russians] will not go away from Eastern Ukraine, we will maintain the sanctions against Russia”.

Poroshenko direct evidence of the negotiations in the United States on Donbass failed.

Photo: Yuri Gripas / Reuters

Previously, the administration trump discussed with Russia the possibility to change the format of negotiations. This was stated by U.S. Secretary of state Rex Tillerson at the hearing before the Committee on foreign Affairs, house of representatives, U. S. Congress, June 14. “It is very important to have enough flexibility to reach indicated in the Minsk agreements of objectives. It is possible that the governments of Ukraine and Russia can come to a satisfactory solution using any other format besides the Minsk agreements”, — quotes Reuters Tillerson. Russia has opposed this approach. “We continue to believe that the alternative to the Minsk agreements for the settlement of the internal Ukrainian crisis does not exist”, — said Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Grigory Karasin.

Poroshenko was interested in discussing the situation in the Donbass, and also further relations with the US, but many of the questions trump is not yet able to give an answer, as their decision depends largely on agreements between the US and Russia, Putin and trump will see only at the summit of “twenty” in Hamburg on 7-8 July, reminds Buzarov. However, the meeting with trump, according to the expert, important to strengthen the position of Poroshenko at home.

Meeting with Poroshenko was an important Trump for one reason only — to appease at least some critics in Congress and the media, said Professor of political science at the University of Rhode island’s Nicolai Petro. To appease Congress, was forwarded and the extension of sanctions against Russia, expressed full solidarity of the respondents informed experts. The U.S. Senate last week passed a bill providing for the extension of existing sanctions on sectors of the Russian economy, such as metallurgy, Railways, shipping. However, in the lower house, where the discussion of the document took place on June 20, he did not receive support.

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